Prof Liisa Laakso1, Jody Arundel2, Tina Bruhl2, Lisa Clucas2, Michelle Daly3, Jody Ebenezer3, Cherelle Evans2, Natalie Halpin3
1Mater Research, South Brisbane, Australia, 2 Mater Mothers’ Hospital, South Brisbane, Australia, 3Mater Hospital Brisbane, South Brisbane, Australia
Introduction: Evidence-based, low variability care is increasingly expected as standard in healthcare. Health care practitioners are rightly expected to demonstrate the value of services and interventions provided to patients. Despite social workers having a strong presence in the multidisciplinary team in most public and some private hospitals, the profession has historically had a low evidence base largely due to SW focus on the individual in environment. At the Mater Hospital Brisbane, we set out to develop evidence of the value of SW as perceived by non-SW staff working in critical care areas across adult and neonatal services.
Methods: Through an iterative process, the investigators have (1) defined why it is important to measure the value of SW, (2) interrogated the literature to identify previous research in this field, (3) defined a research question, (4) determined how best to answer the research question, and (5) designed the study protocol for piloting the survey instrument.
Results: A survey to evaluate the value of SW in an acute hospital setting has been designed. The survey has the following domains: respondent demographics; reasons hospital staff refer to SW (aligning with AASW descriptors of SW practice in hospitals); expectations, experience and global impression of social workers; perceived value, impact and scope of SW; and service quality improvement factors.
Discussion: The described process has had multiple benefits including:
- Increasing SW research literacy (knowledge and skills of the research process, and knowledge translation)
- Clarifying research ethics and governance matters
- Demonstrating how service inquiry can inform research that benefits SW services
- Engaging social workers in research inquiry aiming to provide evidence of the value of SW in the critical care setting
Upon completion of the pilot phase, the survey will be reviewed in preparation for dissemination to other areas of the hospital.
Dr Liisa Laakso is Senior Research Fellow, Allied Health at the Mater in Brisbane where her primary role is to increase capability and capacity in health service research. Liisa is an Honorary Associate Professor at The University of Queensland, and Professor of Physiotherapy at Griffith University where she worked in full-time academe for more than 15 years before commencing at the Mater in January 2018.